Why Empty Space Isn’t Empty

New Scientist has a nice little video explaining that vacuums, empty space, aren’t really empty. You, my dear reader, already know that from reading about the big laser that will tear apart virtual particles, and the recent experiment that materialized virtual photons, but you should check this short video out if you’re interested (can’t embed the video here, sadly). 

They also link to a full-length article discussing how the theory of the vacuum has evolved over time, which it looks like you’ll have to register (for free) to read. I won’t go into all of it, but in essence it portrays a somewhat philosophical struggle over the millennia about how emptiness could be empty, which led to and away from the idea of a luminiferous aether filling everything, and finally to quantum mechanics.

Now we know that because of the quantum uncertainty involved at the smallest scales, there are always fluctuations of fields and particles in a vacuum, meaning that any vacuum does indeed have energy in it. There’s never nothing. Is that reassuring? I think a constantly fluctuating space is much more interesting than a giant, vast emptiness. 

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